Empowering Speaking Achievement by Using Inside-Outside Fishbowl
This study aimed to describe the implication of speaking achievement by applying inside-outside fishbowl (IOF) to the students of Tridinanti University Palembang. The total number of samples was seventeen of sixth-semester students of the English study program of Tridinanti University Palembang, they were selected by using purposive sampling. This study used classroom action research. It consisted of two cycles; cycle I and cycle II. Speaking tests and observations were used to collect the data. It was found that there was a significant improvement in students' speaking achievement, the mean score of speaking achievement in cycle I was 64.47, and there was only 29.41% of the students who achieved predetermined minimum standard mastery. Based on the finding on cycle I, the writers needed to improve the students’ speaking achievement by conducting cycle II. After did cycle II, the mean score of speaking achievement was 79.76, and there was 94.11% of the students who achieved predetermined minimum standard mastery. This strategy builds the students’ participation in doing discussion and helps them reflect on what a good discussion looks like. Using Inside-Outside Fishbowl (IOF) in EFL classrooms has helped both lecturers and learners in many different ways. It has a positive impact on both of them. Regarding students, IOF application in the classroom has helped them to think and organize their thoughts. As a result, they have started to manage their learning and to gain a sense of responsibility. Moreover, they have shown readiness to speak in the target language with more confidence and fluency. Students have begun to have opportunities so they can show how good they are in speaking and sharing ideas.
Yogyakarta : Trust Media.
Elizabeth, R. (2005). Learning our vocabulary words while playing fishbowl. Retrieved from www.bio.indiana.edu. Accessed on April 25, 2016.
Grugeon & Dawes. (2005). Teaching speaking & listening in primary school. White plains, NY: McGraw Hill, Inc.
Harmer, J. (1991). How to teach English: An introduction to the practice of English language teaching. England: Longman.
Hornby. (1995). How to teach speaking skills. Retrieved from Http://.-toteach-speaking-skill. Html//. Accessed on February 13, 2017.
Khadijah. (2017). Teaching speaking using the fishbowl technique. English Education Jurnal, 8 (2). p. 214.
Kemmis, S., & McTaggart, M. (1998). The action research planner. Geelong, Victoria: Deakin University.
Kurnia, N. I. (2015). Improving students' spoken recount skills through the fishbowl technique: A classroom action research at the eighth-grade students of SMP N 18 Semarang in the academic year of 2014/2015. (Doctoral dissertation). Semarang, Universitas Negeri Semarang.
Kusmaryanti, S. (2009). Improving speaking achievement through classroom discussion. Jurnal Bahasa dan Seni, 34 (1), p. 234-256.
Liando, N.F.V. (2009). Success in learning English as a foreign language. Litera Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, 18 (2), p. 146-164.
Linse, T. C. (2006). Practical English language teaching: Young learners. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Nunan, D. (2004). Designing tasks for the communicative classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mahripah, S. (2013). EFL Learners’ attitudes toward the improvement of English speaking performance. Litera Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, 12 (2), pp. 287-299.
Malvin, L. S. (1996). Active learning 101 strategies to teach any subject. Lewiston: Pearson.
Osoimanai, M, & Hadi, I. (201). Teaching speaking by combining fishbowl strategy with debate strategy at senior high school. Retrieved from http://download.portalgaruda.org/article.php. Accessed on October 20, 2017.
Richard, J.C., & Rodgers, T.S. (2001). Approaches and methods in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
Syafa’ah, S. (2010). Improving student's speaking skills through using fishbowl technique: A classroom action research with students of 5b at MI Tarbiyatul Banin Pekalongan Winong Pati in the academic year of 2009/2010. (Doctoral dissertation). Semarang, IAIN Walisongo.
Silberman, Mel. (1996). Active learning: 101 strategies to teach any subject. U.K. A Pearson Education Company.
Sungkono, D. (2015). Improving The 7th Grade Students; Speaking Ability Through Fishbowl Game at Mts Darur Ridlwan Mumbulsari in the 2014/2015 Academic Year. East Java: University of Muhammadiyah Jember.
Sterling, Shirley., Tohe, Laura. (2010). Workshop 3: research and discovery, teaching strategies, fishbowl. Retrieved on June 4, 2017.
Wahyuni, S., Rosdiana, R., & Fitriani, S. S. (2016). The implementation of the Role Play Technique in improving speaking skills. Proceedings of Consortium of Asia-Pacific Education Universities (CAPEU), pp. 114-120.