Kontribusi Argumentasi Ilmiah dalam Pengembangan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis

  • Evi Roviati IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
  • Ari Widodo Sekolah Pascasarja Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
Keywords: Argumentasi Ilmiah, Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis, Pembelajaran Sains

Abstract

Berpikir kritis merupakan interpretasi dan evaluasi yang terampil dan aktif terhadap hasil observasi dan komunikasi, informasi dan argumentasi.  Sementara argumentasi merupakan aktivitas verbal, sosial dan rasional yang bertujuan untuk meyakinkan kritik yang masuk akal tentang suatu pandangan yang dapat diterima.  Tujuan yang paling penting dalam pendidikan sains adalah untuk mengembangkan kemampuan berpikir siswa dalam konteks khusus sains.  Artikel ini membahas mengenai konsep pembelajaran sains berbasis argumentasi ilmiah dan hubungannya dengan inkuiri, kontribusi argumentasi pada keterampilan berpikir kritis dan karakteristik proses berpikir kritis melalui argumentasi. Ciri utama dalam berpikir kritis, yaitu memutuskan tentang suatu keyakinan, merupakan sebuah argumen, dengan cara menilai argumen orang lain dan mengembangkan argumennya sendiri.  Argumentasi memiliki kontribusi yang signifikan dalam mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritis dengan karakteristik yang khas, yaitu menilai sumber informasi, mengevaluasi argumen dan menghasilkan argumen serta mempresentasikannya.  Hasil kajian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi pijakan teoritis bagi peneliti dan praktisi pendidikan sains dalam mengimplementasikan dan mengases argumentasi ilmiah dan keterampilan berpikir kritis, baik secara terpisah, maupun kombinasi keduanya.  

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Published
2019-07-25
How to Cite
Roviati, E., & Widodo, A. (2019). Kontribusi Argumentasi Ilmiah dalam Pengembangan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis. Titian Ilmu: Jurnal Ilmiah Multi Sciences, 11(2), 56-66. https://doi.org/10.30599/jti.v11i2.454